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Culinary Delights of Istanbul: 10 Must-Try Dishes in the City

Istanbul, as a gastronomic capital, offers a wide array of delicious and unique dishes that showcase the richness of Turkish cuisine. The city’s diverse culinary culture caters to the taste buds of both locals and visitors, with various neighborhoods boasting a range of restaurants and eateries. When it comes to must-try dishes in Istanbul, the following come highly recommended:

  1. Indulging in fresh and flavorsome seafood at Istanbul’s renowned fish restaurants is an absolute delight. Whether it’s enjoying fish soup, sea bass, sea bream, or whiting, dining at a fish eatery along the Bosphorus or near the Galata Bridge is an unforgettable experience. Don’t miss out on the famous “balık ekmek,” a street food specialty where freshly grilled fish is served in bread.
  2. Exploring the traditional Turkish cuisine wouldn’t be complete without sampling various kebabs at Istanbul’s kebab houses. Treat yourself to İskender kebab, Adana kebab, or skewered kebabs such as şiş kebab for a flavorful journey. Additionally, Istanbul köfte, a local specialty made with special spices, offers a unique and aromatic meatball experience. You can find these dishes in restaurants located in neighborhoods like Sultanahmet, Beyoğlu, and Kadıköy.

Istanbul is a city filled with remarkable dining establishments and delectable street food options. These suggestions merely scratch the surface, as the city offers a wealth of unforgettable culinary experiences waiting to be discovered.

İskender Kebab

İskender Kebab is a mouthwatering and iconic dish that holds a special place in Turkish cuisine, particularly in the city of Bursa where it originated. Named after its creator, İskender Efendi, this kebab is a true culinary masterpiece that combines tender, juicy slices of grilled lamb or beef, aromatic tomato sauce, melted butter, and yogurt. The meat is traditionally cooked on a vertical rotisserie known as a doner kebab, which allows it to retain its succulence and develop a tantalizing smoky flavor.

The presentation of İskender Kebab is as impressive as its taste. The meat is thinly sliced and arranged over a bed of freshly baked pide bread, which is similar to a fluffy flatbread. Generously drizzled with hot tomato sauce and melted butter, the kebab is then crowned with a dollop of tangy yogurt and sprinkled with sumac, a tart and crimson-colored spice. The combination of flavors and textures is truly harmonious, creating a symphony of tastes that dance on the palate.

One of the distinguishing features of İskender Kebab is the way it is served. Traditionally, the dish is presented on a sizzling copper plate, allowing the flavors to meld together and the aromas to permeate the air. The sizzling plate also keeps the meat warm and succulent, enhancing the overall dining experience.

İskender Kebab is not just a meal; it is a celebration of the culinary heritage of Bursa and the expertise of its skilled chefs. It has become a symbol of Turkish cuisine, beloved by locals and revered by visitors who seek an authentic gastronomic experience. Whether enjoyed at a humble street-side eatery or a renowned restaurant, İskender Kebab never fails to leave a lasting impression with its irresistible taste and irresistible combination of ingredients. It is a dish that truly captures the essence of Turkish hospitality and culinary mastery.

Fish Sandwich (Balık-Ekmek)

Fish Sandwich, locally known as “Balık-Ekmek” in Turkish, is a beloved street food delicacy that has become an iconic symbol of Istanbul’s culinary scene. This simple yet incredibly satisfying dish consists of a freshly grilled fish fillet, typically mackerel or sea bass, nestled between a crusty bread roll. The fish is expertly seasoned with a touch of salt and pepper, then grilled to perfection, resulting in a tender and flaky texture that bursts with flavors of the sea.

The preparation of Balık-Ekmek is a spectacle in itself. Along the bustling shores of the Bosphorus or near the Galata Bridge, you’ll find small boats or mobile food stalls where skilled vendors tirelessly grill the fish right before your eyes. The smoky aroma wafts through the air, enticing passersby to indulge in this delightful street food creation.

Once the fish is cooked, it is carefully placed on a warm bread roll, which is typically slathered with a zesty sauce made from a combination of olive oil, lemon juice, and sometimes garlic. This tangy sauce adds a refreshing and citrusy kick that perfectly complements the delicate flavor of the fish. Optionally, the sandwich can be garnished with crisp lettuce, slices of onion, and a sprinkle of parsley, adding an extra layer of freshness and texture.

The experience of enjoying a Fish Sandwich goes beyond just the taste. It’s about savoring this delectable treat while standing by the water’s edge, breathing in the maritime atmosphere, and taking in the stunning views of Istanbul’s iconic landmarks. It’s a quintessential Istanbul experience that allows you to connect with the city’s vibrant street food culture and culinary heritage.

Whether you’re a seafood enthusiast or simply looking for a quick and satisfying snack, indulging in a Fish Sandwich is a must-do when visiting Istanbul. Its simplicity, the harmony of flavors, and the joyful atmosphere surrounding its preparation make it a culinary delight that will leave a lasting impression on your taste buds and memories of the city.

Stuffed Mussels (Midye Dolma)

Stuffed Mussels, known as “Midye Dolma” in Turkish, are a beloved street food delight that showcases the flavors and culinary ingenuity of Istanbul. This popular seafood delicacy consists of fresh mussels filled with a flavorful mixture of seasoned rice, onions, herbs, and spices. Each mussel is carefully opened and filled with this aromatic stuffing, then steamed or baked to perfection, resulting in a mouthwatering bite-sized treat.

One of the most enchanting aspects of Midye Dolma is the way it is traditionally served. You can find street vendors lining the streets and waterfront areas, skillfully shelling and arranging the stuffed mussels on large trays, ready to be savored by eager customers. The sight of these neatly arranged mussels, glistening with their own juices, creates an irresistible temptation for seafood enthusiasts and curious food lovers alike.

To enjoy Midye Dolma, a squeeze of fresh lemon is often added to enhance the flavors. The combination of the tender and briny mussel, the fragrant rice filling, and the zesty citrus note creates a delightful balance that tantalizes the taste buds. Eating Midye Dolma is an interactive experience, as each mussel is typically enjoyed in one or two bites, making it a perfect snack while exploring the bustling streets of Istanbul.

Beyond its culinary appeal, Midye Dolma has become an integral part of Istanbul’s street food culture. It represents the city’s vibrant and diverse culinary scene, showcasing the influence of Ottoman cuisine and the fusion of flavors from various cultures. Whether you’re enjoying them on the go or sharing a tray with friends, these delectable stuffed mussels are a must-try delicacy that encapsulates the spirit of Istanbul’s gastronomic delights.

Lahmacun (Turkish Pizza)

Lahmacun, often referred to as “Turkish pizza,” is a beloved and flavorful dish that holds a special place in Turkish cuisine. This thin and crispy flatbread is traditionally topped with a delicious mixture of minced lamb or beef, onions, tomatoes, peppers, garlic, and an array of aromatic herbs and spices. The dough is rolled out thinly and baked at high heat, allowing the ingredients to meld together and infuse the bread with their vibrant flavors.

The beauty of lahmacun lies in its versatility and simplicity. It can be enjoyed as a light meal or shared as an appetizer among friends and family. To savor this delectable treat, simply squeeze some fresh lemon juice over the crispy base, add a handful of fresh herbs such as parsley or mint, then roll it up and take a satisfying bite. The combination of the flavorful meat topping, tangy lemon juice, and fragrant herbs creates a symphony of tastes that dance on the palate.

Lahmacun is not only a culinary delight but also a social experience. It is often enjoyed in bustling restaurants or street food stalls, where the irresistible aroma of freshly baked lahmacun fills the air. Sharing a platter of lahmacun with loved ones, while engaging in lively conversations and laughter, adds to the joy and conviviality of the dining experience.

As a cherished staple of Turkish cuisine, lahmacun reflects the cultural heritage and culinary expertise of the country. It is a dish that has stood the test of time, loved by locals and admired by visitors who seek to explore the diverse and rich flavors of Turkish gastronomy. Whether enjoyed as a quick snack or as part of a larger meal, lahmacun is a culinary gem that showcases the perfect balance of flavors and textures, making it a must-try dish for food enthusiasts and travelers alike.


Mantı is a cherished and iconic Turkish dish that captivates the taste buds with its exquisite flavors and delicate texture. Often referred to as Turkish dumplings, mantı consists of small pockets of dough that are filled with a savory mixture of ground lamb or beef, onions, and spices. These tiny dumplings are meticulously handcrafted, with each piece carefully shaped and folded into a distinctive shape resembling a small boat or a hat.

The real magic of mantı lies in its presentation and accompanying flavors. Once cooked, the dumplings are traditionally served in a shallow bowl or plate, generously topped with melted butter, tangy yogurt, and a drizzle of tangy tomato sauce. The combination of these elements creates a harmonious balance of flavors that is both indulgent and satisfying.

To enjoy mantı, one takes a bite-sized dumpling, carefully dipping it into the creamy yogurt and luscious butter sauce. The explosion of flavors and textures in each mouthful is truly remarkable. The tender dumpling, the rich meat filling, and the velvety yogurt create a heavenly combination that leaves a lasting impression.

Mantı holds a special place in Turkish culture and is often served on special occasions or family gatherings, symbolizing warmth, togetherness, and hospitality. It is a dish that brings people closer, as they gather around the table to savor this traditional delicacy and share stories and laughter.

Whether you indulge in homemade mantı lovingly prepared by a Turkish grandmother or experience it at a local restaurant, this beloved dish is a testament to the culinary heritage of Turkey. The art of crafting each dumpling by hand and the care put into the accompanying sauces exemplify the dedication and love that goes into Turkish cuisine. Mantı is a true culinary gem that offers a delightful sensory experience, making it a must-try dish for anyone seeking an authentic taste of Turkey.

Raw Borek (Çiğ Börek)

Raw Borek, known as “Çiğ Börek” in Turkish, is a unique and delicious dish that showcases the creativity and ingenuity of Turkish cuisine. Unlike traditional baked or fried börek, Çiğ Börek stands out for its raw preparation, which involves using thinly rolled dough filled with a savory mixture of minced meat, onions, herbs, and spices. The dough is left uncooked, allowing the flavors of the filling to meld together and develop a distinct taste and texture.

The process of making Çiğ Börek is a true art form. Skilled chefs or home cooks meticulously roll out the dough, creating thin and delicate layers that encase the flavorful meat filling. Each bite reveals a burst of savory flavors, with the raw dough adding a unique chewy texture to the experience.

To complement the rich taste of the filling, Çiğ Börek is typically served with a side of tangy yogurt and a sprinkle of sumac, a tart and crimson-colored spice. The combination of flavors and textures creates a delightful contrast that tantalizes the taste buds.

Çiğ Börek is not only a delicious dish but also a testament to the cultural heritage and culinary expertise of Turkey. It is often enjoyed as a special treat during festive occasions, family gatherings, or as a street food delight. The experience of savoring this raw delicacy offers a unique and memorable culinary adventure that celebrates the diversity and creativity of Turkish cuisine.

Whether you’re a culinary adventurer or a lover of Turkish cuisine, trying Çiğ Börek is a must. Its unconventional preparation and bold flavors make it a remarkable dish that showcases the versatility and innovation found in Turkish gastronomy.

Beyti Kebab

Beyti Kebab is a delectable and renowned Turkish dish that is sure to delight meat lovers and food enthusiasts alike. Named after the famous Beyti Güler, the founder of the Beyti restaurant in Istanbul, this kebab is a masterpiece of flavor and presentation. The dish typically consists of seasoned ground lamb or beef that is meticulously shaped onto skewers and grilled to perfection, resulting in juicy and succulent kebabs.

What sets Beyti Kebab apart is its unique presentation. Once grilled, the kebabs are removed from the skewers and wrapped in a lavash or thin flatbread, often brushed with melted butter. The tightly wrapped meat is then sliced into bite-sized pieces, creating a beautiful spiral of tender meat encased in a golden bread shell.

To enhance the taste, Beyti Kebab is traditionally served with a tangy tomato-based sauce, a dollop of rich yogurt, and a sprinkle of sumac. This combination of flavors creates a tantalizing balance of savory and tangy notes, elevating the kebab to new heights of deliciousness.

Beyti Kebab is not only a culinary delight but also a reflection of Turkish hospitality and culinary craftsmanship. It has become a symbol of Turkish cuisine and is widely enjoyed in restaurants and homes throughout the country. With its mouthwatering flavors and visually appealing presentation, Beyti Kebab is a must-try dish for those seeking an authentic taste of Turkey’s rich culinary heritage.

Liver Kebab

Liver Kebab, known as “Ciğer Kebabı” in Turkish, is a beloved and flavorful dish that showcases the rich and diverse flavors of Turkish cuisine. This specialty kebab is made from tender and succulent pieces of marinated lamb or calf liver, expertly grilled or sautéed to achieve a perfect balance between smokiness and tenderness. The liver is typically seasoned with a blend of spices, including cumin, garlic, and red pepper flakes, to enhance its natural flavors.

What sets Liver Kebab apart is its unique texture and taste. When cooked to perfection, the liver becomes meltingly tender, with a slightly crispy exterior. The rich, savory flavor of the liver is complemented by the aromatic spices, resulting in a truly satisfying and mouthwatering experience.

Liver Kebab is commonly enjoyed as a standalone dish or served as part of a mixed grill platter, alongside other kebab varieties. It is often accompanied by grilled vegetables, rice pilaf, and a side of fresh salad. The combination of flavors and textures creates a delightful harmony that is both comforting and satisfying.

Liver Kebab holds a special place in Turkish culinary culture and is popular throughout the country. It is commonly found in traditional kebab houses, street food stalls, and local restaurants. Whether you’re a liver aficionado or an adventurous eater, Liver Kebab is a must-try dish for those looking to explore the diverse and flavorful world of Turkish cuisine.

Stuffed Bulgur Balls (İçli Köfte)

Stuffed Bulgur Balls, also known as “İçli Köfte” in Turkish, are a delightful and popular dish that showcases the creative artistry of Turkish cuisine. These bite-sized treats consist of a delicate outer shell made from fine bulgur wheat, which is mixed with flour, spices, and water to form a pliable dough. The dough is then filled with a savory mixture of ground meat, onions, herbs, and spices, creating a flavorful center. The filled bulgur balls are typically shaped into oval or round shapes and are either steamed, boiled, or fried to achieve a perfect balance of texture and taste. The beauty of Stuffed Bulgur Balls lies not only in their delicious flavors but also in their presentation. Once cooked, they are often arranged on a platter or serving dish, garnished with fresh herbs and lemon wedges, creating an inviting display. Each bite-sized ball offers a burst of flavors, with the tender bulgur shell giving way to a savory and well-seasoned meat filling. Stuffed Bulgur Balls are commonly enjoyed as a mezze or appetizer, served alongside other traditional Turkish dishes. They are perfect for sharing among friends and family, creating a convivial atmosphere. The combination of the soft and flavorful bulgur shell and the aromatic meat filling makes these balls a delightful culinary experience. Stuffed Bulgur Balls are not only a testament to the culinary traditions of Turkey but also a reflection of the creativity and skill of Turkish chefs. They represent the harmonious blend of ingredients and techniques that Turkish cuisine is known for. Whether enjoyed at a local restaurant, a street food stall, or homemade with love, Stuffed Bulgur Balls are a must-try dish for anyone seeking a taste of Turkish gastronomy.


Künefe is a mouthwatering and indulgent Turkish dessert that delights both locals and visitors alike. This sweet treat consists of a layer of fine, shredded pastry known as kadayıf, filled with a creamy, stretchy cheese such as mozzarella or unsalted cheese. The künefe is then baked until the cheese melts and the pastry turns golden and crispy. The real magic of künefe lies in the syrup that is poured over it—a fragrant and sweet concoction made from sugar, water, and a hint of lemon or orange blossom water. The syrup adds a delightful sweetness and moistness to the dessert, perfectly balancing the rich cheese filling.

The presentation of künefe is as captivating as its taste. Once baked, the dessert is typically served piping hot in a round copper or clay pan, with a generous drizzle of syrup and a sprinkle of finely ground pistachios or crushed walnuts on top. The contrast between the crispy pastry, the gooey cheese, and the sweet syrup creates a symphony of textures and flavors that is simply irresistible.

Künefe is more than just a dessert; it is a culinary experience that brings people together. It is often enjoyed in specialty künefe shops or dessert cafes, where the tantalizing aroma of freshly baked künefe fills the air. Sharing a plate of künefe with friends or family, while savoring each decadent bite, creates a sense of warmth, joy, and togetherness.

As a beloved dessert deeply rooted in Turkish culture, künefe reflects the country’s rich culinary heritage. Whether enjoyed as a special treat during festive occasions or as a delightful ending to a meal, künefe is a must-try dessert for anyone with a sweet tooth and a passion for exploring the diverse and delectable world of Turkish sweets.

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